Category Archives: Climate

Recent progress on decadal prediction in the North Atlantic

by Jon Robson                                                Department of Meteorology The North Atlantic is a region of the Earth that is … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, Climate change, Climate modelling, Oceans | Tagged | Leave a comment

Without the Tibetan Plateau, what would happen to the Asian summer monsoons?

By Mike Wong The Tibetan Plateau is the highest and most extensive plateau in the world, with an average elevation exceeding 4000 metres and stretching over 2.5 million square kilometres. While it is often called the ‘rooftop of the world’, … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, Climate modelling, Monsoons, Numerical modelling | Leave a comment

Can we use future data to improve our knowledge of the ocean?

By Chris Thomas An interesting problem in climate science is working out what happened in the world’s oceans in the last century. How did the temperature change, where were the currents strongest, and how much ice was there at the … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, Climate modelling, Oceans | Tagged | Leave a comment

BoBBLE: Air-sea interactions and intraseasonal oscillations in the Bay of Bengal

By Simon Peatman The Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) is one of the most significant features of the tropical climate. The heavy rain it brings during boreal summer provides around 80% of the annual precipitation over much of India with over 1 … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, Climate modelling, Monsoons, Numerical modelling, Oceans | Tagged | Leave a comment

Time scales of atmospheric circulation response to CO2 forcing

By Paulo Ceppi An important question in current climate change research is, how will atmospheric circulation change as the climate warms? When simulating future climate scenarios, models commonly predict a shift of the midlatitude circulation to higher latitudes in both … Continue reading

Posted in Atmospheric chemistry, Climate, Climate change, Climate modelling, Numerical modelling | Tagged | Leave a comment

Belmont Forum: joined-up thinking from science funders

By Vicky Lucas The Belmont Forum supports ‘international transdisciplinary research providing knowledge for understanding, mitigating and adapting to global environmental change’. The Belmont Forum fund research and themes include sustainability, climate predictability, ecosystem services and arctic observing.  The group considers … Continue reading

Posted in Climate | Leave a comment

Soil Moisture retrieval from satellite SAR imagery

By Keith Morrison Soil moisture retrieval from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery uses the knowledge that the signal reflected from a soil is related to its dielectric properties. For a given soil type, variations in dielectric are controlled solely … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, earth observation, Hydrology, land use, Measurements and instrumentation, Numerical modelling, Remote sensing | Tagged | Leave a comment

It melts from the top too …

By David Ferreira The global sea level rises at about 3 mm/year. Oceans absorb nearly 90% of the heat trapped in the atmosphere by anthropogenic gases like carbon dioxide. As water warms, it expands: this effect explains about half of … Continue reading

Posted in antarctica, Climate, Cryosphere, Oceans, Polar | Tagged | Leave a comment

Reducing climate change from aviation: could climate-friendly routing play a part?

By Emma Irvine It’s commonly known that burning fossil fuels, like in jet engines, leads to the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) which causes global warming. It is perhaps less well known that, particularly in the case of aviation, carbon … Continue reading

Posted in Atmospheric chemistry, aviation, Climate, Weather, Weather forecasting | Tagged | Leave a comment

Why has there been a rapid increase in heat-related extremes in Western Europe since the mid-1990s?

By Buwen Dong In the last few decades, Europe has warmed not only faster than the global average, but also faster than expected from anthropogenic greenhouse gas increases (van Oldenborgh et al., 2009). With the warming, Europe experienced record-breaking heat … Continue reading

Posted in Aerosols, Atmospheric chemistry, Climate, Climate change, Climate modelling, Environmental hazards, Numerical modelling | Leave a comment