Category Archives: Oceans

An update on the North Atlantic cold blob (January 2017)

by Pablo Ortega One of the most remarkable climate events in the last two years has been an exceptional cooling in the eastern sub-polar North Atlantic (ESPNA, Figure 1), commonly referred to as “the cold blob”. Occurring while the planet … Continue reading

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Earth System Modelling in the UK

By Till Kuhlbrodt Making climate projections for the next couple of decades is a pressing and complex task for the global climate modelling community. One of the most important purposes of modelling the future climate is to provide society and Government … Continue reading

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The driving mechanism of large-scale unsteady currents in the ocean

By Antoine Hochet During the last twenty years, measurements of the ocean surface properties by satellite instruments have significantly increased our knowledge of ocean dynamics. One of these instruments is an altimeter that measures the topography of the ocean surface … Continue reading

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The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew …

By Ray Bell In winter-time when the temperature gradient between the pole and the equator sharpens, the North Atlantic becomes a breeding ground for intense storms (extratropical cyclones). Occasionally associated with intense winter storms is a ‘phenomenal sea state’ (WMO … Continue reading

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