Category Archives: State responds
‘The British did this to us!’ In this Vichy poster, the mocking figure of a pipe-smoking RAF pilot looms behind a wounded French soldier and a bombed-out family. Collection BDIC-MHC. Tous droits réservés.
‘Yesterday’s ally’: a caricature of Churchill links the bombing campaign with Britain’s ‘betrayal’ of France during the battle of May-June 1940. Collection BDIC-MHC. Tous droits réservés.
Emergency relief: the Vichy government equipped two relief trains to bring medical assistance, food aid, clothes and a claims processing office to air raid victims. Though often hampered by damage to the rail network, the trains proved their usefulness on … Continue reading
Funerals (1): Rennes, March 1943. Collection BDIC-MHC (Agence Fulgur). Tous droits réservés.
Official mourning: a poster following the March 1942 attack on Renault’s Billancourt plant. Collection BDIC-MHC. Tous droits réservés.
Emergency relief: a Red Cross canteen for bombed-out families in the Paris suburbs. Collection BDIC-MHC. Tous droits réservés.
Clearing up (3): Mechanical diggers could be used, as here in Marseille after the raid of 27 May 1944, once there was no hope of bringing anyone out alive. But such machinery was rare, and so was fuel. In Toulon … Continue reading
Clearing up (2): Repairing Marseille tramlines. Courtesy Archives Municipales de Marseille, 29/II/4.
Clearing up (1): As these pictures from Marseille show, much of the effort of clearing-up, especially when there was a chance of finding anyone alive, was done by men with picks and shovels, or even their bare hands. Courtesy Archives … Continue reading
Transporting the wounded. These five pictures show the job being done by regular civil defence workers, by nuns, and (according to the caption) by young fascists of the National-Revolutionary Youth. Collection BDIC-MHC (photo DNP). Tous droits réservés.