Category Archives: State responds

Trapped victims

Trapped victims. The immediate task of civil defence teams after a raid (here, on the Paris suburbs, probably in May 1944) was to dig out the living or, when this could not be done immediately, to pump fresh air to … Continue reading

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Shelters: digging a ‘family trench’

Shelters: digging a ‘family trench’ in Avranches, summer 1944. Useless against a direct hit, this shelter would have protected its occupants against blast and splinters. Collection BDIC-MHC. Tous droits réservés.  

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Propaganda

Propaganda: a brochure stigmatises the Allies’ destruction of cultural heritage in a ‘Jewish war’. Courtesy Archives Départementales de la Loire, 2/W/3.29. Tous droits réservés

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A special train brings new coffins to Le Creusot

‘Nos Villes dans la Tourmente’: a special train brings new coffins to Le Creusot. Courtesy Archives Municipales de Rouen, 4/H/14.2. Tous droits réservés.

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SIPEG train in Le Creusot

‘Nos Villes dans la Tourmente’: the SIPEG train in Le Creusot, June 1943. Courtesy Archives Municipales de Rouen, 4/H/14.2. Tous droits réservés.

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Pétain’s visit to Montluçon

‘Nos Villes dans la Tourmente’: Pétain’s visit to Montluçon after the RAF had raided the Dunlop plant on 15/16 September 1943. Courtesy Archives Municipales de Rouen, 4/H/14.2. Tous droits réservés.

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‘Nos Villes dans la Tourmente’

‘Nos Villes dans la Tourmente’: covers for the brochures on Le Creusot, Montluçon, and Nantes. Courtesy Archives Municipales de Rouen, 4/H/14.2. Tous droits réservés

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Public ceremony

Public ceremony: Marshal Pétain in St-Étienne, 5-6 June 1944. Pétain cut short his visit on hearing of the Normandy landings. This was his last appearance in public before his trial. Courtesy Archives Départementales de la Loire, 7/W/26. Tous droits réservés.

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Funerals

Funerals (2): Cardinal Gerlier, Archbishop of Lyon and Primate of France, gives absolution to some of the 885 victims of the raid on Saint-Étienne of 27 May 1944. Courtesy Archives Départementales de la Loire, 7/W/26. Tous droits réservés.

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Civil defence emblems

Civil defence emblems. The Défense Passive armband for Caen bears the city arms; that for the local Équipes Nationales youth auxiliaries is far more rudimentary. Courtesy Mémorial de Caen, FQ/72.

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