Here are some of the key terms in Open Research, if there are other terms you would like to be included please get in touch:

Archive: A collection of data and/or records stored with a view to long-term preservation.

Article Processing Charge (APC): Fee paid to a publisher by the author, author’s institution or funder, for Gold open access.

Author final manuscript: Final, accepted, peer-reviewed version of a publication, before the publisher’s copy-editing, proof corrections, layout and typesetting. Compare publisher PDF and version of record.

Backup: A copy of data or software which can be used to recover and restore it if the main copy is unusable.

CentAUR: University of Reading’s institutional repository

Curation: The process of actively managing data, from the point of creation through all the stages in its existence, to ensure it is accessible and fit for purpose.

Data sharing: The act of making data available to people other than those who originally produced it or used it for their research’.

Data management plan: A description of how the data produced by a research project will be handled and curated both during and after the project.

Dataset: A defined collection of data with common elements.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): A name which provides a means of persistently identifying a digital object and associating it with related current data in a structured extensible way.

Gold open access: Immediate open access on the publisher site, usually in exchange for a fee (see Article Processing Charge).

Green open access: Depositing research in an institutional or subject repository. The version deposited is normally the author final manuscript.

Hybrid journals: Traditional subscription journals that offer authors a Gold open access option for an individual article, involving payment of an Article Processing Charge.

Institutional repository: Online digital archive and showcase of an institution’s research. See CentAUR for University of Reading research publications.

Lifecycle (or Curation lifecycle): The complete history of a piece of data and its curation, from creation onwards, conceived as a series of steps or stages.

Metadata: Structured data about data.

Migration (or Digital migration): The transfer of data from one format or software platform to another.

Open access: Making research freely available online.

Open access journals: Journals in which all articles are open access. An Article Processing Charge (sometimes labelled ‘publication fee’) is usually payable for every article. Examples include Public Library of Science (PLoS), PeerJ and BioMed Central journals. Compare subscription journals, hybrid journals.

Open data: The idea that certain data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of intellectual property control.

Open source: A philosophy which promotes free redistribution of and access to an end product, its design and implementation details.

Publisher PDF: Version of a publication that appears on the publisher website after publication, including the publisher’s copy-editing, proof corrections, layout and typesetting. Compare author final manuscript.

RCUK: Research Councils UK, comprising: Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC), Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Medical Research Council (MRC), Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), and Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC).

REF: Research Excellence Framework

Research data: Research data are the raw materials collected, processed and studied in the undertaking of research. They are the evidential basis that substantiates published research findings.

Subscription journals: Journals published under a traditional subscription model, whereby institutions and individuals pay an annual fee, or pay per view, to access content. Compare open access journals.


Attribution: This is partially based on the Glossary in ‘Open Access at UCL‘ which is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, and the Research Data Management Glossary by data.bris is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.