In our latest Think-Piece, Nathan Salvidge, Doctoral Research Student in Geography & Environmental Science at the University of Reading, discusses his recent research on gender relations in informal work in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Informal work is expected to continue to grow and remain a vital source of income for millions of people within urban localities across the global South for many decades. In this blogpost, Nathan reflects on the need to include men within gender analyses of informality, based on the findings of his preliminary research. Nathan is currently conducting participatory fieldwork on gender and generational dynamics of informal work in Tanzania. Read more here.
Dr. Sally Lloyd-Evans and Dr. Lorna Zischka from the Participation Lab worked with women connected to Reading Community Learning Centre (RCLC) to co-produce research into the needs of ethnic minority women in Reading. The report was launched on 19th July 2018 at Reading Community Learning Centre with a welcome and introduction from Sarah del Tufo, Chair of the Board of Trustees of RCLC and from the Right Worshipful Mayor of Reading, followed by a presentation of the research process and findings by Sally Lloyd-Evans, Lorna Zischka, Raya Mohammed and Hadil Tamim, RCLC learners who had conducted interviews with their peers.
The research sought to understand:
- What do ethnic minority women outside RCLC networks need?
- How do other stakeholder and service providers perceive RCLC?
- What do women inside RCLC say they need to grow their skills, confidence, welfare, inclusion, social status and independence?
Following training, RCLC learners conduced questionnaire-based interviews in respondents’ first language with 114 black and ethnic minority women (over 70% from outside of RCLC). The interviews focused on their everyday lives and circumstances, ambitions and hopes, barriers and concerns, social networks, connections and wellbeing. Interviews were also conducted with organisations serving vulnerable communities by Hayley Ryall and Bethany Brown, University of Reading undergraduate placement students.
The research found that RCLC is meeting a genuine need that is not provided by other organisations in Reading. English language learning and developing social ties (especially cross-cultural social ties) were identified as important needs of ethnic minority women. English language and building social relationships were found to be mutually reinforcing, so the fact that RCLC addresses both together is a particular strength of their approach. Many women lacked alternative opportunities to develop their language skills and cross-cultural connections.
RCLC appears to be targeting those communities most in need of its particular services, with most of its clientele drawn from migrants from the Arab world and South Asia who tended to struggle with language issues and were vulnerable in terms of their distance from the work place and lack of knowledge about mainstream British cultures. Highly educated women and women whose families had money did not necessarily have a higher level of social and workplace integration. Although priority is often given to new arrivals in the UK, an important number of women remain marginalised even after many years living in the UK and should not be automatically excluded from language and skills training provided by community centres such as RCLC.
Strengths identified in RCLC’s approach which increased the accessibility of services to ethnic minority women included: a friendly multi-cultural environment which helped to build confidence; low cost/ free services, which is important to 80% of those interviewed, especially since investments in women’s knowledge and skills is not necessarily a priority for struggling families; women only learning environments, various levels of English and courses other than English; creche to enable women with small children to participate, daytime classes, central location, well networked community centre which can signpost on to other services, volunteering opportunities which help women to take further steps towards social and workplace integration.
The research also highlighted the dilemma that community-based organisations like RCLC may face regarding the length of time learners are able to study with RCLC and facilitating learners to progress on to other study and work opportunities. While continuity of relationships was very much valued, women also identified their ambitions and hopes to gain employment and qualifications through accessible accredited courses. The research therefore recommended that RCLC could do more to help clients to map their personal progression paths from RCLC into other areas of integration appropriate to their circumstances and to improve collaboration with other organisations, for example on issues of funding and on giving women a voice.
To conclude the presentation, Joanne Davis, Comic Relief Impact and Investment Regional Advisor gave her reflections and interesting questions were raised and discussions were held with members of the audience.
To find out more, check out the slide presentation or look out for the report to follow in the coming weeks!
Contact: Sally Lloyd-Evans, Participation Lab Leader
The study was commissioned by Reading Community Learning Centre and funded by Comic Relief and the Participation Lab, University of Reading.
INSPIRE – research that has inspired children and young people
For the second year running, Dr. Sally Lloyd-Evans, Participation Lab leader and the Whitley Researchers have been awarded a University of Reading Research Engagement and Impact Award. This year, Sally Lloyd-Evans, the Whitley Researchers, Paul Allen and the Young Researchers achieved the award under the INSPIRE category – for research that has inspired children and young people.
Since 2014, Dr Sally Lloyd-Evans has worked alongside residents in Whitley and other local partners, to develop a collective now known as the Whitley Researchers. Armed with research tools, the team is identifying needs within the community that will help them to address issues of economic and social exclusion.
This year, the team have worked with young people in local schools to train them as researchers and conduct youth-led research on issues they identified as important to them. Sally Lloyd-Evans commented, “It’s great to see the work of the Young Researchers and the Whitley Researchers team rewarded and recognised by the University and the wider community in Reading, as well as this approach to youth-led community research more generally. ”
Deathscapes and Diversity: Making space for Death and Remembrance in Multicultural England and Wales
Using four case study towns in England and Wales and a variety of creative and participatory methods, the project is exploring how the needs of migrants and established minorities are interpreted and met within existing public and private cemetery, crematoria and remembrance site provision, and how any shortfalls might be addressed through community participation and local authority planning. The project aims to identify best practice and to inform local government and other providers about improving cemetery and crematoria provision.
The project is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and Economic and Social Research Council and is supported by the Institute of Cemetery and Crematorium Management and the Royal Town Planning Institute.
We’ll keep you posted on the planned visual exhibition, with photographs of participants, and other outputs in the coming months!
We are looking forward to our Participation Lab Advisory Group meeting tomorrow and will soon be sharing some of the learning and discussions with you!
We are pleased to publish our latest blogpost, ‘Making science democratic: is that possible or even desirable?’, by Dr. Sonia Bussu, Research and Learning Coordinator, Local Trust and Participation Lab Advisory Group member.
We are pleased to let you know about our latest Participation Lab project. Alice Mauchline, Lab Advisory Group member, in the School of Agriculture, Policy and Development is exploring how to best go about establishing a Science Shop in Reading and is planning a workshop to learn from existing Science Shops in June 2017. Read more about the project here.
We are pleased to launch our new blogpost series: Think-Pieces
Researchers, statutory and third sector partners, academics, students and Participation Lab members share their reflections and experiences on doing participatory action research, community development work, citizen science and engaging with young people, families and communities, whether locally in Reading, nationally or internationally.
Our first blogpost is by Dr. Giuseppe Feola, University of Reading:
How can participatory methods be adapted to different socio-cultural contexts? A critical evaluation of Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems, and its application to agricultural adaptation to climate change in Kazakhstan
Map of the challenges faced by different actors in the local farming system in Karaoi, Kazakhstan
Feel free to join in the conversation on Twitter using the hashtags, #ParticipationLab and #Think-Pieces.
Slides presented at the workshop “Putting the ‘social’ back into young people’s psychosocial wellbeing, care and support” hosted by ODI and University of Reading on 22 Novemer 2016 are now available to download here.