PhD success: study of medication administration errors

Many congratulations to Hesham Abduldaem (pictured in the centre) for defending his PhD thesis successfully, passing his viva with minor corrections on Friday 20 October 2017. Hesham’s thesis is entitled: “Medication Administration Errors Studied Through the Mixed-Methods Lens” and the external examiner was Dr Richard Keers (pictured to the left) an expert in the field of medication errors in pharmacy. The internal examiner was Professor Gary Stephens (pictured to the right).

The Medicines Use Review: 97% patient satisfaction found


The Medicines Use Review (MUR) is a community pharmacy service funded by the NHS to improve patients’ adherence to medication and/or reduce medicines waste. However, patients’ satisfaction with MURs was until now untested.

What are the pharmacist behaviours that patients value during MURs? What other elements of the MUR do patients like and what impression does the service leave on them? How satisfied are patients with MURs? These questions formed the basis of a 9-month research project conducted by researchers at the University of Reading in collaboration with the East of England Respiratory Clinical Network as well as the Day Lewis Pharmacy group.

Using an existing framework of MUR patient satisfaction, a questionnaire development phase followed by a pilot phase leading to the main data collection phase involving 105 pharmacies nationwide and 490 completed questionnaires, this project explored patient satisfaction with pharmacist-delivered MURs during June – August 2016. It asked: are patients satisfied with their experience of MURs?

The research ascertained a very high degree of patient satisfaction with MURs: 97% agreed or strongly agreed they were satisfied with the MUR service they had received. There was 94%-98% agreement with other satisfaction-related questions. Interestingly, only 65% of people had wanted to have an MUR at the outset yet nine out of ten people would use the service again and recommend it to others.


Asserting the value of MURs: Professional, representative and trade associations for pharmacy should use the results of this study to demonstrate the patient-held value of MURs to policy makers and defend the importance of the service within a patient-centred paradigm of care.

Recruitment of patients for MUR consultations: The high level of patient satisfaction with MURs should be highlighted to patients at the point of recruitment to the service where there is reluctance to take part.

Auditing MURs locally and nationally: The MUR patient satisfaction questionnaire developed and validated in this study provides a valid and reliable tool for pharmacies to audit their MUR services.

Assessing other pharmacy services: The MUR patient satisfaction questionnaire can be modified to measure satisfaction with other pharmacy services such as the New Medicines Service.

Conducting real-world research: We welcome discussions about the findings and future work.

Dr Parastou Donyai:

Ali Hind

Dr Nilesh Patel

Division of Pharmacy Practice
Reading School of Pharmacy

Currently Advertising: Research Fellow – Wellcome Trust-funded project

Reading School of Pharmacy is seeking to appoint a research fellow for 4 days a week for 12 months to explore and explain medication non-adherence experienced by patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) as part of a Wellcome-Trust funded research project. The successful applicant will pursue critical research, including literature review, into medication non-adherence experienced by patients with AD, collaborate with the team, finalise research design and conduct fieldwork interviews and observations, manage research data including quality of the transcription of interview materials (in collaboration with the PI where appropriate), assist in analysis of data, contribute to report-writing and high-impact publication outputs as well as contribute to teaching at undergraduate/postgraduate level. The post is ideal for a research fellow wishing to develop their CV both in the direction of safety, as well as education and training – assets for future career progression. The appointment offers a great opportunity to interact with a growing multi-disciplinary network of academics, clinicians and patient representatives working in the field of AD research. The post-holder will join the Pharmacy Practice Division within the School of Pharmacy, under the supervision of Dr Rosemary Lim. Closing date 13th May 2016.

For further information and to apply see:

Recent Publications from the Pharmacy Practice Team

Dr Parastou Donyai

Ibrahim, K., Vogt, C. and Donyai, P. (2016) Caught in the eye of the storm: a qualitative study of views and experiences of planned drug holidays from methylphenidate in child and adolescent ADHD treatment. Child and Adolescent Mental Health. ISSN 1475-3588 (In Press)

Donyai, P. and Alexander, A. (2015) Training on the use of a bespoke continuing professional development framework improves the quality of CPD records. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 37 (6). pp. 1250-1257. ISSN 2210-7711 doi: 10.1007/s11096-015-0202-4