Author Archives: danaallen

Pacific and Atlantic Conversations

By: Daniel Hodson The Earth is a world of water – oceans spread out across much of the planet and they exert a profound influence over the climate. Ascending from the Earth, the churning waves and surf shrink away and … Continue reading

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Satellite data used to provide life-saving weather forecasts in tropical Africa

By: Peter Hill Much of the population of tropical Africa are vulnerable to severe weather, often caused by intense storms that can generate heavy rainfall, strong winds and flooding. For instance, thousands of fishermen drown each year in Lake Victoria … Continue reading

Posted in Africa, Climate, Rainfall, Remote sensing | Leave a comment

Flood forecasting for the Negro River in the Amazon Basin

By: Amulya Chevuturi Figure 1: Photograph of the Negro River and the Amazon rainforest. The Amazon is the largest river basin in the world, with large free-flowing rivers, draining about one-sixth of global freshwater to the ocean. The Amazonian floodplains have … Continue reading

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Can We Use Artificial Intelligence To Improve Numerical Models Of The Climate?

By: Alberto Carrassi Numerical models of the climate are made of many mathematical equations that describe our knowledge of the physical laws governing the atmosphere, the ocean, the sea-ice etc. These equations are solved using computers that “see” the Earth … Continue reading

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Putting a 120-Year-Old Barograph To The Test

By: Kieran Hunt Cast your mind back to 1900. The World’s Fair. Great Britain has just won 48 medals at the Summer Olympics including a clean sweep in the steeplechase. Queen Victoria’s reign continues through an unprecedented 63rd year. British … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, History of Science, Measurements and instrumentation | Leave a comment

Using deep learning to observe river levels using river cameras

By: Sarah Dance In recent times, machine learning is being increasingly used to make sense of digital data. In environmental science, we are only at the beginning of this journey (Blair et al 2021). However, we have already found one … Continue reading

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Why do clouds matter when we measure surface temperature from space?

By: Claire Bulgin We can use satellites up in space to measure the surface temperature of the Earth over the land and sea.  Satellites have now been making measurements for 40+ years and these data are really helpful for understanding … Continue reading

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Improving Hydrological Predictions Of Land System Models

By: Thibault Hallouin Given the existence of feedbacks between the Earth’s atmosphere and the Earth’s surface, hydrological knowledge (e.g. soil moisture and open water available for evaporation and plant transpiration) is as critical to atmospheric scientists, as meteorological knowledge is … Continue reading

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Does working from home help to reduce climate change?

By: Helen Dacre During a recent conversation about working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic a friend asked me ‘Given that I no longer commute to work in my car every day, will that help to reduce climate change?’  The … Continue reading

Posted in Climate modelling, Covid-19, Greenhouse gases, IPCC | Leave a comment

Sources of rainfall over East Asia

By: Liang Guo The East Asian monsoon causes intense rainfall over China, Japan and the Koreas every summer, and a cold, dry season every winter. This is driven by thermal and dynamical contrasts between the vast Pacific Ocean and the … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, Monsoons, Rainfall | Leave a comment