Category Archives: Climate modelling

Oceanic Influences On Arctic And Antarctic Sea Ice

By: Jake Aylmer The futures of Arctic and Antarctic sea ice are difficult to pin down in part due to climate model uncertainty. Recent work reveals different ocean behaviours that have a critical impact on sea ice, highlighting a potential … Continue reading

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Outlook For The Upcoming UK Winter

By: Christopher O’Reilly In this post I discuss the outlook for the 2022/23 winter from a UK perspective: what do the forecasts predict and what physical drivers might influence the upcoming winter?  An important winter  The price of utilities has … Continue reading

Posted in Atmospheric circulation, Climate, Climate modelling, ENSO, North Atlantic, Oceans, Seasonal forecasting, Stratosphere, Teleconnections | Leave a comment

Weather vs. Climate Prediction

By: Annika Reintges Imagine you are planning a birthday party in 2 weeks. You might check the weather forecast for that date to decide whether you can gather outside for a barbeque, or whether you should reserve a table in … Continue reading

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Monitoring Climate Change From Space

Richard Allan It’s never been more crucial to undertake a full medical check-up for planet Earth, and satellite instruments provide an essential technological tool for monitoring the pace of climate change, the driving forces and the impacts on societies and … Continue reading

Posted in Africa, Climate, Climate change, Climate modelling, Clouds, earth observation, Energy budget, Water cycle | Leave a comment

What Is The World Climate Research Programme And Why Do We Need It?

By: Rowan Sutton My schedule last week was rather awry.  Over four days I took part in a meeting of 50 or so climate scientists from around the world.  Because of the need to span multiple time zones, the session … Continue reading

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Has The Atlantic Ocean Circulation Been In Long-term Decline?

By: Jon Robson A number of recent high-profile studies have strongly suggested that an important part of the North Atlantic Ocean circulation – the AMOC – has declined and that it is edging closer to a tipping point. Such a … Continue reading

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Antarctic Sea Ice: The Global Climate Driver Of The South

By: Holly Ayres In the Northern Hemisphere, our closest region of sea ice (not to be confused with land ice) is the Arctic, a vast region of frozen ocean at the North Pole. Antarctica, a huge mountainous land mass at … Continue reading

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Climate Change 2021—The Physical Science Basis

By: Jonathan Gregory, Ed Hawkins, Matt Palmer This document is a short summary of key points that are of current relevance to society from the physical science of climate change. It is based on the headline statements of the report … Continue reading

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Why should we care about sea ice floes?

By: Adam Bateson One of the most frequently used visual devices to illustrate climate change is that of a polar bear on sea ice surrounded by open ocean (Fig. 1). Polar bears are today identified as a vulnerable species, with sea ice decline the … Continue reading

Posted in Arctic, Climate, Climate modelling, Cryosphere, Numerical modelling, Polar | Leave a comment

Atmospheric CO2, fossil fuel emissions, Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and the Paris Agreement.

By: Tristan Quaife The Paris Agreement, which is signed by 193 countries belonging to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, aims to limit the rise in global mean temperature to 2°C, and ideally 1.5°C, above pre-industrial levels. To achieve … Continue reading

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