Category Archives: Climate

Sources of rainfall over East Asia

By: Liang Guo The East Asian monsoon causes intense rainfall over China, Japan and the Koreas every summer, and a cold, dry season every winter. This is driven by thermal and dynamical contrasts between the vast Pacific Ocean and the … Continue reading

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Tropical rainfall and sea surface temperature link could improve forecasts

By: Chris Holloway  and the University of Reading Press Office.  Tropical rainfall, averaged on seasonal time scales, is influenced far more strongly by nearby sea temperatures in the real world than in almost all climate simulations, scientists have found, paving … Continue reading

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The Core-cloak Convection Model

By: Jian-Feng Gu Moist convection plays a fundamental role in large-scale circulations and climate, ranging from cumulus clouds smaller than 100m to organized weather systems of several thousands of kilometers. Limited by their grid spacing, numerical models are not able … Continue reading

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People are in the cities – how could we provide the weather climate information they need?

By: Sue Grimmond Climate services provide climate information to help individuals and organizations make climate smart decisions. Climate services work by integrating high quality meteorological data (temperature, rainfall, wind, soil moisture and ocean conditions); as well as maps, risk and vulnerability … Continue reading

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Large and irreversible future decline of the Greenland ice-sheet

By: Jonathan Gregory Sea-level rise is one of the most serious consequences of global warming. By the end of this century, if emissions of greenhouse gases continue to increase (mostly carbon dioxide, from burning oil, natural gas and coal), global … Continue reading

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Do urban heat islands provide thunderstorm predictability?

By: Suzanne Gray  The UK and the rest of western Europe experienced a heatwave in the middle of August 2020 with temperatures exceeding 30oC in Reading. Fortunately for us this was broken by a heavy downpour on the afternoon of … Continue reading

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Deep Water Formation In The Mediterranean Sea

By: Giorgio Graffino “The Mediterranean Sea is a small-scale ocean”, as my old teacher used to tell me. All right, that was probably a bit exaggerated. Still, it’s true that the Mediterranean Sea provides an almost unique environment to study … Continue reading

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Are Eurasian winter cooling and Arctic Sea ice loss dynamically connected?

By: Rohit Gosh The observed sea ice concentration (SIC) in the Arctic has been declining in recent decades. Temperatures have been rising all over the planet, but warming has been much faster over the Arctic, a phenomenon known as Arctic … Continue reading

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Keeping the lights on: A new generation of research into climate risks in energy systems

By: Paula Gonzalez, Hannah Bloomfield, David Brayshaw The Department’s Energy Meteorology Group recently hosted an online 2-day workshop on the Next Generation Challenges in Energy-Climate Modelling, supported by the EU-H2020 PRIMAVERA project. The event took place on June 22-23, and … Continue reading

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Climate is changing. What are the risks for you and me?

Forewarned is forearmed by Anna Freeman The weather conditions prevailing in an area over a long period of time influence nearly every aspect of our lives and present both a resource and a hazard. Seasonal temperature cycles conditioning crop growth … Continue reading

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