Category Archives: ENSO

Meiyu—Baiu—Changma Rains

By: Amulya Chevuturi The arrival of the summer monsoon rains over southern China is called Meiyu, literally translated as “plum rains”. These are also called Baiu in Japan and Changma in Korea. As the monsoon progresses, these rain belts first occur … Continue reading

Posted in ENSO, Monsoons, Rainfall | Leave a comment

From Indonesia to the British Isles: using El Niño and weather patterns in the tropics to help predict North Atlantic and European weather

By: Robert Lee The winter weather in the UK and Europe can be split into different patterns based on the large-scale flow in the atmosphere. A commonly used method is to use a type of machine learning algorithm – a … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, ENSO, Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), Predictability, subseasonal forecasting | Leave a comment

Is it a normal season this year for tropical cyclones in the Western North Pacific?

By Xiangbo Feng  The Western North Pacific (WNP) is the most active area for tropical cyclones (TCs).  The number of TCs occurred in the WNP so far (end of October) this year is 26 – just the average number of … Continue reading

Posted in Atmospheric circulation, Climate, Climate modelling, earth observation, ENSO, Equatorial waves, Historical climatology, Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), Numerical modelling, Seasonal forecasting, Tropical cyclones, Waves, Weather forecasting, Western North Pacific, Wind | Leave a comment

Determining the Earth’s energy and water cycles

By Christopher Thomas The Earth’s energy and water cycles govern the distribution and movement of energy and water in the atmosphere, oceans and land. Both energy and water are constantly being transported between different regions of the globe, and the … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, Climate change, Data processing, earth observation, Energy budget, ENSO, Hydrology, Solar radiation, Water cycle | Leave a comment

El Niño in West and Central Africa

By Chimene Daleu   What is El Niño, how often does it occur, and why is everyone so concerned this year? El Niño is the warming phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). During an El Niño event, the … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, ENSO, Seasonal forecasting | Leave a comment

La Nina outlook

By Emma Suckling In late 2015 and early 2016 a strong El Nino event, characterised by warmer than normal temperatures in the Pacific Ocean, developed and led to a variety of global effects. These included drier than normal weather in … Continue reading

Posted in Climate, ENSO | Tagged | Leave a comment