Solar activity in the approach to maximum of solar cycle 24.

Last week we observed some of the most significant solar activity of solar cycle 24 (SC24), with a series of solar flares and Earth directed coronal mass ejections (CMEs) which were forecast to interact with the near-Earth space environment. This attracted significant media coverage and it was reported that this sequence of events had the … Continue reading “Solar activity in the approach to maximum of solar cycle 24.”

A case study of Multidecadal climate variability and prediction: The mid 1990s warming of the North Atlantic

The Earth is a complex system of interacting components, such as the atmosphere and ocean, which produce a wide variety of natural variability. This natural variability ensures that the evolution of a particular region’s climate, e.g. that of Western Europe, could be completely different to another region, or indeed the global mean climate. Such variability … Continue reading “A case study of Multidecadal climate variability and prediction: The mid 1990s warming of the North Atlantic”

Where will the future take the South Asian monsoon?

Understanding and predicting the summer monsoon in South Asia is important for more than a billion people since their lives depend on the four summer months (June to September) to bring 80% of annual rainfall. Knowledge of the timing, intensity and duration of the monsoon are important for agriculture and industry, while extreme rainfall can … Continue reading “Where will the future take the South Asian monsoon?”